THE LATEST DEVELOPMENT IN CIVIL ENGINEERING is published to honor the 80th birthday of Prof. Wiratman Wangsadinata. The long journey of Prof. Wiratman’s career is no doubt as what was delivered by Prof. Bambang Budiono in the profile section of this book. We are grateful and blessed of Prof. Wiratman’s long life which has been filled with various useful and outstanding achievements recognized by the society.
The organizer of this publication had invited his former students and colleagues who are currently the experts in their fields to contribute to this book. Various topics have been submitted to enrich this book with knowledge related to the state of the arts of civil engineering.
Prof. Wiratman is a lecturer at heart not only in campuses but also in his profession. With his spirit of continuous learning and teaching, it is difficult to imagine of what we have in this book not being shared with the general public. By publishing this book, we would like to continue that spirit of spreading knowledge particularly to the young generations of Civil Engineers. Our aim is to distribute this book to university libraries throughout Indonesia to be easily access by the students. It is also a means of passing the baton from older generation to the younger one.
Many people have been participated in this publication and we would like to express sincere thanks to all contributors; to the editor; to the book designer; to all parties involved who have made this publication an invaluable reference in civil engineering with a modern futuristic design that brings a youthful spirit to it. To the young engineers, as what Henry Ford said in his quote: “Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty. Anyone who keeps learning stays young”.
So keep learning to stay young and happy reading.
Jakarta, February 2015
Ir. Melani D. Wangsadinata, M.Arch. IAI.
Thank you for visiting our website. The Wiratman group of companies (“Wiratman”) is committed to communicating with you about the privacy and protection of all personal information that we may collect, use or disclose and about the cookies we may send to your computer or mobile device. Such personal information will only be used, and such cookies will only be sent, in accordance with this policy.
Wiratman is bound by privacy, data protection and cookies laws applying in the country in which it is operating and is committed to complying with such laws with respect to the information provided to it by, or collected from, all persons, including potential employees, employees, contractors and other third parties. Collection
Wiratman will not collect, use or disclose personal information except in limited circumstances where necessary for the purposes of its business. Situations in which Wiratman may collect personal information include:
We collect personal information orally, in writing, by telephone, by e-mail and through other methods of communication.
Wiratman collects personal information directly from the individual to whom it relates, except where that individual has consented to Wiratman collecting the personal information from a third party or the law otherwise permits Wiratman to do so.
Personal information may be collected from, and disclosed to, third parties as necessary in the course of recruitment and engagement, to ensure that the information Wiratman has is correct and to determine whether the applicant is suited to the available position. Wiratman may take steps to verify that academic, training and professional qualifications are accurate and complete and, in appropriate circumstances due to the nature of the available position, we may carry out credit checks and criminal records checks. We will only collect information from third parties if your application progresses with us.
Third parties may include:
In each case, Wiratman treats personal information in accordance with the relevant privacy and data protection laws in the country in which we are operating.
We will take reasonable steps to ensure the personal information that we store is accurate, complete and up-to-date.
At any time you may request that your personal information be corrected or supplemented if you believe it to be inaccurate or misleading. If we agree, the change will be made. If we disagree, we will advise you and include a notation on the record that you dispute the information’s accuracy.
We will respond to your request to correct or supplement your personal information within a reasonable time period and, in any event, within any time period specified in relevant laws.
Your personal information will be stored in our systems for our immediate business and administration purposes only, and may be used by Wiratman as necessary for these purposes. We collect personal information to:
We do not sell your personal information to others.
If we wish to use your personal information for a purpose beyond that for which it was originally provided, we will ask for your consent.
Wiratman will only disclose personal information in accordance with this policy.
Where this involves the transfer of information overseas, we will take all reasonable steps to ensure (but we do not guarantee) that the recipient will handle the information in a manner consistent with data protection laws which apply in the jurisdiction in which that information was initially collected.
It is possible that your personal information will be transferred between entities within Wiratman, transferred to and processed on third party servers and accessed by third party maintenance personnel. Wiratman entities, third party servers and maintenance personnel may be located in jurisdictions other than the jurisdiction in which you were located when you provided the information to us. In some instances, the jurisdiction to which your information is transferred may lack privacy laws which are as extensive as the privacy laws applying in the jurisdiction in which you were located when you provided the information to us. Further, your information may be accessible to law enforcement and national security agencies both in jurisdictions to which we transfer your information and in the jurisdiction in which you were located when you provided the information to us. By providing us with your personal information, you expressly acknowledge the possibility of, and consent to, such international transfers.
It is our policy not to disclose your personal information to any unaffiliated third party without your prior permission, except where to do so is in accordance with the original purpose of collection.
We may disclose your information to any person as required by law and specifically to any government agency if we believe in good faith that we must do so to comply with the law or that doing so is required to prevent, detect, investigate or remedy improper conduct potentially affecting Wiratman.
Wiratman will, in most circumstances, make available to you upon request any personal information about you that Wiratman has collected.
Wiratman will respond to a request for access to your personal information and will seek to do so within a reasonable time period and, in any event, in accordance with any time period specified in relevant laws.
In certain circumstances Wiratman may refuse you access to your personal information in whole or in part. The circumstances in which we may do so include where:
Wiratman is committed to:
All our data is stored in written or electronic form on our servers and computers and in various physical locations. We maintain physical, electronic and procedural safeguards to protect your personal information from misuse, unauthorised access or disclosure and loss or corruption by computer viruses and other sources of harm. We restrict access to personal information to those staff members, joint venture partners, subsidiary companies and third parties who need to know that information for the purposes set out in this policy.
By giving us information or allowing it to be collected, to the fullest extent permitted by law, you agree that you will not make any claims against, and that Wiratman will not be held liable for, any claims, losses or damages which may result, directly or indirectly, from collection of that information, including from misuse, unauthorised access or disclosure and loss or corruption by computer viruses and other sources of harm to the information we collect.
To further enhance confidentiality and security, you have the option, where lawful and practicable, not to identify yourself when entering into transactions with Wiratman.
Wiratman trains its staff who handle personal information to respect the confidentiality of personal information and the privacy of individuals. Wiratman regards breaches of your privacy seriously and will impose appropriate penalties, including dismissing staff who inappropriately access or misuse personal information.
Wiratman has appointed a Privacy Officer to seek to ensure Wiratman collects, uses and discloses personal information in accordance with this policy.
Our website provides hyperlinks to websites owned and controlled by others. Wiratman is not responsible for the privacy practices of any website that it does not own or otherwise control.
Our website provides hyperlinks to websites owned and controlled by others. Wiratman is not responsible for the privacy practices of any websBy accessing or using our website you consent to the collection, use and disclosure of your personal information as described in this policy, as amended from time to time.
Where you submit information on behalf of another person, you confirm that you have made that person aware of how we may collect, use and disclose their information, the reason you have provided it, how they can contact us, the terms of this policy and that they have consented to such collection, use and disclosure. ite that it does not own or otherwise control.
Wiratman complies with the privacy laws to which it is subject. You should satisfy yourself that you are familiar with those laws, including any exceptions which may apply under them. You should also be aware that privacy laws in various jurisdictions may change from time to time.
Except to the extent expressly stated otherwise in this policy, Wiratman accepts no obligations with respect to the handling of personal information other than those mandated by law in the country which has, or counties which have jurisdiction over Wiratman in any given circumstances.
If you have a question, concern or complaint regarding the way in which we handle your personal information, you should contact our Privacy Officer at Graha Simatupang Tower II A&D, Jalan TB Simatupang Kav. 38, Jakarta 12540.
This section of the policy explains what cookies are, why we use them and what you may do if you wish to restrict, remove or refuse to accept cookies.
A cookie is a small text file downloaded onto your computer or mobile device when you access a website, including this website. Cookies are widely used to make websites work, or work more efficiently, as well as to provide information to the website’s owners and third parties. Cookies allow a website to recognise your computer or mobile device. Cookies do not identify you as an individual, but do identify the computer or mobile device you use to access the Internet and can therefore be used to collect information about your use of the Internet. Cookies do not allow access to any information stored on your computer or mobile device.
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If you wish to restrict, remove or refuse to accept cookies which are set by any website (including this website), you should do this through the browser settings for each browser you use to access the Internet. The Help function within your browser should tell you how to do so.
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For further information about how to restrict, remove, and refuse to accept cookies, visit www.aboutcookies.org or www.allaboutcookies.org.
Note, however, that in some cases, restricting, removing or refusing to accept cookies may reduce the functionality of, or prevent access to, this and other websites.
As we strive to improve our practices, we may review this policy from time to time. We reserve the right to change this policy at any time and to notify you of those changes by posting an updated version of this policy on our website.
It is your responsibility to check our policy each time before you access our website for any changes. Your consent remains valid even though we change this policy, unless you tell us otherwise.
While every reasonable effort is made to ensure that the information provided on this site is accurate, no guarantees for the currency or accuracy of information are made. The Wiratman Group Company (“Wiratman”) website and material relating to information, products and services (or to third party information, products and services), is provided 'as is'. It is provided without any representation or endorsement made and without warranty of any kind, whether express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of satisfactory quality, fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement, compatibility, security and accuracy. Wiratman does not accept any responsibility for any loss, disruption or damage to your data or your computer system which may occur whilst using material derived from this website. Wiratman does not warrant that the functions contained in the material in this site will be uninterrupted or error free. Also, Wiratman does not warrant that defects will be corrected, or that this site or the server that makes it available is free of viruses or represent the full functionality, accuracy, and reliability of the materials. In no event will Wiratman be liable for any loss or damage including, without limitation, indirect or consequential loss or damage, or any loss or damages whatsoever arising from use or loss of use of, data or profits arising out of or in connection with the use of Wiratman's website.These Terms and Conditions shall be covered by and construed in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Indonesia. Any dispute arising under these Terms and Conditions shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the Republic of Indonesia.